The Role of a Psychiatrist (Rehabilitation Physician) in the Palliative Care Team

Chieko Miyata, Tsuji Tetsuya, Saori Hashiguchi, Meigen Liu

Abstract


Objective: Although palliative care consultation teams (PCTs) have become an integral part of all regional cancer care hospitals, cancer rehabilitation is still in the developing stage in Japan. At our hospital, a physiatrist, or a rehabilitation physician, joined the PCT as a member, and we have been achieving good results. The purpose of this study is to clarify the role of a physiatrist as a member of the PCT by investigating the current status of the PCT at our hospital.Method: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 144 patients receiving rehabilitation out of 345 patients who had started receiving PCT services from April 2012 to March 2013 at Keio University Hospital.

Results: Among the 144 patients, 67 patients (46.5%) had already received rehabilitation before starting PCT services, and the remaining 77 patients (53.5%) started receiving rehabilitation based on the recommendation by the physiatrist. In the later group, Dietz Cancer Stage Classifications were: preventative, 6.5%; restorative, 40.0%; supportive, 45.5%; and palliative, 9.1%. ECOG-PS were: PS0, 0.0%; PS1, 23.4%; PS2, 29.9%; PS3, 28.6%; and PS4, 18.2%. The main purposes of rehabilitation were: 1) fracture prevention and pain relief of limbs with bone lesions, 2) social support (e.g. measures for the reduction of nursing requirement, assistance in finding social aids, counseling for family members), 3) psychological support, 4) treatment of lymphedema, 5) management of breathlessness, 6) and approaches to swallowing deficits.

Conclusions: Half of the cancer patients started rehabilitation after the intervention by the PCT. Many patients receiving PCT services also needed rehabilitation services and the physiatrist had an important role of evaluating the rehabilitation needs. Physiatrists can act as important members of PCTs to maximize QOL while addressing the physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of both patients and their families.


Keywords


palliative care; psychiatry

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN: 2291-918X