Doing 'Technological' Time in a Pediatric Hemodialysis Unit

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Hilde Zitzelsberger
Patricia McKeever
Adrienne Chambon
Kathryn Morgan
Karen Spalding


Study objectives: For Canadian children living with end-stage renal disease, hemodialysis is a common intervention and usually received in a specialized ambulatory hospital-based unit. Although children spend up to 12 hours a week receiving hemodialysis, little is known about how they perceive and respond to hospital-based hemodialysis. The study’s purpose is to describe and interpret the children’s embodied situatedness in the temporal, spatial and technological regimes and relations of a pediatric hospital-based hemodialysis unit.

Methods: An ethnography was undertaken at a Canadian urban pediatric hospital. Time, space, and technology are viewed as significant interrelated aspects of the hemodialysis unit and the unit is conceived as nested in the broader contexts of the children’s everyday lives. The theoretical framework merges concepts of human embodiment and contemporary human geographical perspectives and philosophy of technology.

Results: The dominant theme emerging from the study findings is the notion of the children doing ‘technological’ time. The pervasiveness and reach of hemodialysis technologies upon the children profoundly textures their situations, shapes their perspectives, evaluations and expectations and impacts how they are seen by caregivers in the unit.

Conclusions: Crucial changes in practices are essential to envision ways to create with children an overall positive place that merges and balances technological care with child focused care. The inclusion of children’s views is critical because many settings typically occupied by children have been designed and designated by authoritative or professional adults as “places for children” (Rasmussen, 2004, p. 155) without children being involved. Exploration of the findings may contribute to the ways that healthcare providers, funders, administrators and policy-makers can facilitate the inclusion of children in the design and care provision of hemodialysis units as well as other high-tech hospital-based units.


Rasmussen, K. (2004). Places for children – children’s places. Childhood, 11(2), 155-173.

Article Details

How to Cite
Zitzelsberger, H., McKeever, P., Chambon, A., Morgan, K., & Spalding, K. (2014). Doing ’Technological’ Time in a Pediatric Hemodialysis Unit. The International Journal of Whole Person Care, 1(1).
Congress 2013